HLTINF001 Comply with infection control policies and procedures

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Assessment Detail:-

  • Number of Words: 6500




Question 1

Provide a definition and one example of the following terms.

  • Hazard
  • Risk
  • Risk control
  • Risk management process


Question 2

Explain the requirements of PPE under Regulation 44–47 of the Model WHS Regulations.


Question 3

Complete the missing fields (hazard type or consequence) in the table below.


Hazard Potential harm/consequence
Loud noise
  Can cause shock, burns, fire or even death
  Can cause respiratory infections or illness, cancer, acid burns or dermatitis
Manual tasks
Working from a height
If hit or caught, can cause fractures, bruises, dislocations, lacerations, serious injury or death
Infectious material



Question 4

Explain each of the following precaution types and provide an example for each.

  • Contact precaution
  • Droplet precaution
  • Airborne precaution


Question 5

In one short paragraph, explain the Australian Guidelines for the Prevention and Control of Infection in Healthcare.


Question 6

Provide the relevant AS/NZ Standard for the following PPE items:

  • Gloves
  • Eyewear
  • Gowns
  • Masks’


Question 7

Describe how each of the following standard precautions are used to prevent infectious agents spreading from one person to another.

  • Cough etiquette
  • Handling of waste
  • Handling of linen
  • Aprons/gowns


Question 8

Provide at least three infection control methods you can use at work for each of the following.

  • Food preparation
  • General cleanliness in the workplace
  • Cleaning up bodily fluid spills
  • Disposing of infectious waste


Question 9

Explain the purpose of a bacterial spore.


Question 10

For each of the following pathogens, provide one example of the disease they can cause.

  • Bacteria
  • Viruses
  • Protozoa
  • Fungi


Question 11  

COVID-19 is a health pandemic currently effecting the global community.

What are the symptoms to look for?


Question 12

Personal hygiene procedures must be followed to protect against COVID-19 and prevent the virus spreading.

Draw a line to match the following areas of the body to the specific COVID-19 hygiene practice required.

Body area Hygiene strategy
1.       Mouth a)      Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth
2.       Hands b)      Increase the amount of fresh air available by opening windows or adjusting air conditioning
3.       Face c)      Cover your coughs and sneezes with your elbow or a tissue
4.       Lungs d)      Washing your hands thoroughly with soap and water whenever you cough, sneeze or blow your nose, prepare food or eat, care for someone sick, touch your face, or use the toilet. Follow service hand washing policy


Question 13 

Provide the infection control methods needed for COVID-19 for the following:

  • Using tissues
  • Using hand sanitizers
  • Using surfaces
  • Personal items carried at work


Question 14 

List the social distancing requirements for stopping the spread of COVID-19 when in public.


Question 15

List the steps for social distancing in the workplace to stop the spread of COVID-19.


Question 16

Self-isolation due to COVID-19 includes not leaving your home for 14 days. Who must self-isolate?


Question 17 

Circle True or False for the following self-isolation requirements for COVID-19.

TRUE FALSE Do not leave your home/hotel unless it is an emergency
TRUE FALSE You can go to public places such as work or shopping centres
TRUE FALSE Do not let visitors in – onlypeople who usually live with you should be in your home
TRUE FALSE If you live in a house you can go outside into your yard
TRUE FALSE If you live in an apartment you cannot go outside to common areas


Question 18

Provide at least five examples of when you should wash your hands in the workplace.


Question 19

Using a step-by-step approach, explain how to wash and rub your hands properly.


Question 20

There are two types of pre-surgical hand scrubs:

  • a five-minute timed scrub
  • a numbered stroke method.

Choose one of these pre-surgical hand scrubs and provide a step-by-step outline of the procedure:


Question 21

Fill out the table below about the 5 moments for hand hygiene.

Moment When? Why?
Before touching a patient    
Before clean/ aseptic procedure
After body fluid exposure risk
After touching a patient
After touching patient surroundings


Question 22

Research workplace requirements for hand hygiene for each of the following and write down how you would follow them.

  • Skin
  • Fingernails
  • Jewellery/watches


Question 23

Provide an outline of routine surface cleaning procedures in a client care facility.


Question 24

Provide a step-by-step overview for disposing needle/syringes into a sharps container.


Question 25

Explain the process of infection using the following elements:

  • Pathogen
  • Reservoir
  • Portal of exit
  • Means of transmission
  • Portal of entry
  • The susceptible host.

You may draw a diagram to help explain your response (attach it to this page) or fill out the table below.


Question 26

Provide at least five risk factors associated with contracting a health-care associated infection (HAI).


Question 27

What does the label ‘single use only’ and ‘single patient use’ mean?


Question 28

What does the Australian/New Zealand Standard 4187:2014 refer to?


Question 29

Explain the difference between harmless microorganisms and pathogens.


Question 30

An infectious agent or microbe can be exogenous or endogenous. What is the difference between the two types of microbes?


Question 31

Draw a line to match the following terms with their correct definition

A.       Colonisation 1.       A noticeable impairment of bodily functions
B.      Infection 2.       Bacteria is present without evidence of infection
C.      Disease 3.       The active process where bacteria is causing damage to cells or tissue
D.      Source 4.       The origin of the infectious agent


Question 32

A human can be the source of contagious infection during which three stages?


Question 33

What are the 3 main shapes of bacteria?




Case Study 1

Sarah has just started her new role as a disability support worker at SupportingU, a local residential disability care service. The managing director, Michelle, received a referral from a friend to hire Sarah to fill a maternity leave position.


Sarah has the necessary qualification and experience in the field, and as the residence is quite busy Michelle decides to consider Sarah to work on a one-month probationary trial period.


It has been nearly a month since Sarah started working at the residential facility and Michelle has recently been informed by another support worker that, upon a number of occasions whilst tending to the patients, Sarah does not wear the required gloves when administering medication and performing cleaning duties. She has also been reported to not wash her hands.


This news is particularly concerning as Sarah has been coughing and sniffing over the last few days, displaying onset of flu-like symptoms. Some of the staff aware of this issue are concerned of infections or the flu spreading, especially since the residence is rather small and close contact with each other is quite likely.


Michelle is quite surprised with this news as the residence has very strict guides on hand hygiene policy, which must be followed at all times. There have been a few small posters put up around the residence as reminders, and hand sanitiser solution in every room – although there has been no sure way of monitoring that all staff are adhering to this process.


Now, at one month into Sarah’s role, Michelle decides to conduct a direct observation of Sarah treating her next patient.


Sarah is on duty for her next client with Michelle directly observing. Michelle notes down the following during her observation:


Sarah did not wear the required gloves when feeding the client, nor did she follow proper clean-up procedures. The client was given their medication and put to bed, however Sarah did not change the client’s linen as scheduled. Sarah did not wash her hands once during the observation. ‘


Through direct observation, Michelle has now been able to confirm that Sarah did not follow the correct hand hygiene or clean up procedures.


You are required to do the following:

  1. Complete a risk assessment using the template provided at the end of this task.
  2. What hazards have been identified after completing the risk assessment?
  3. Who is at risk in this scenario?
  4. What infections could potentially occur?
  5. What PPE would be required to help minimise the risks?
  6. What is Michelle’s responsibility for infection prevention and control as the manager of the residential care facility?
  7. Who could Michelle seek advice from to discuss work health and safety issues?
  8. What sustainable procedures, practices or initiatives could Michelle implement at the clinic to help control potentialinfection outbreaks? Provide at least three examples.
  9. What type of training would need to occur for better hand hygiene? Provide three examples.
  10. What documentation would be required to support these initiatives? Provide five examples.
  11. Review The 5 Moments for Hand Hygiene Program by Hand Hygiene Australia and explain how this would be a beneficial initiative for Michelle’s workplace to participate in.
  12. Who is responsible for monitoring and maintaining these procedures?
  13. Imagine you identified a laceration on Sarah’s hands that was bleeding.Explain the hand care procedure you would follow.
  14. Sarah was suffering from cold and flu. Explain the procedures for respiratory hygiene and cough etiquette in this situation.


Case Study PART 2A

It has been nearly three months since Michelle had the issue with hand hygiene at the residential facility and all has been going well since.  Michelle has recently been informed of the COVID-19 Outbreak in the global community.


Michelle and the management team need to develop procedures immediately to ensure the facility is protecting residents, staff and visitors. 


15. The updated procedures need to have guidelines for:

  • Identifying a potential COVID-19 outbreak and the steps to take
  • How to manage Visitors
  • How to manage Communication with clients
  • Infection control procedures, including PPE required


  1. What type of training would need to occur to ensure the procedures are followed correctly?
  2. What key factors would need to be considered when adapting the Risk Management Plan for COVID-19?


Case Study PART 2B

There is now news of an elderly client in the residential care facility who has suspected COVID-19. They have been tested and are awaiting results.


  1. Outline the procedures that will need to be followed, including:
  • How to care for the client in the residential care facility
  • How to manage Symptomatic clients




Your service has been suffering from a gastro-enteritis outbreak.

A client announces that they feel sick, and they suddenly vomit on the floor.

You have been instructed to take action to clean the area and prevent further spread of infection.


For this task your assessor will use a substance to simulate vomit.

  1. Using your workplace’s policies and procedures and a bodily fluids spill kit, clean up the vomit and wash the area.
  2. Once you have cleaned up properly, correctly dispose of the contaminated materials as per procedure.
  3. As you work, you are to explain to your assessor what you are doing. Remember to communicate professionally and appropriately with your assessor during this time.

Your assessor will ask you a number of verbal questions about infection control procedures after you have completed the task.